18 results for DCSync

Dump Clear-Text Passwords for All Admins in the Domain Using Mimikatz DCSync

The two key goals of any attack is access and persistence. This post covers elements of each. In a post-exploitation scenario where the attacker has compromised the domain or an account with delegated rights, it’s possible to dump the clear-text passwords of admins without being a Domain Admin*. This method requires the Active Directory Domain …

Continue reading

Mimikatz DCSync Usage, Exploitation, and Detection

Note: I presented on this AD persistence method at DerbyCon (2015). A major feature added to Mimkatz in August 2015 is “DCSync” which effectively “impersonates” a Domain Controller and requests account password data from the targeted Domain Controller. DCSync was written by Benjamin Delpy and Vincent Le Toux. The exploit method prior to DCSync was …

Continue reading

Domain Controller Print Server + Unconstrained Kerberos Delegation = Pwned Active Directory Forest

At DerbyCon 8 (2018) over the weekend Will Schroeder (@Harmj0y), Lee Christensen (@Tifkin_), & Matt Nelson (@enigma0x3), spoke about the unintended risks of trusting AD. They cover a number of interesting persistence and privilege escalation methods, though one in particular caught my eye. Overview Lee figured out and presents a scenario where there’s an account …

Continue reading

Attack Defense & Detection

This page is meant to be a resource for Detecting & Defending against attacks. I provide references for the attacks and a number of defense & detection techniques. Active Directory & Windows Security ATTACK AD Recon Active Directory Recon Without Admin Rights SPN Scanning – Service Discovery without Network Port Scanning Beyond Domain Admins – …

Continue reading

Attacking Read-Only Domain Controllers (RODCs) to Own Active Directory

I have been fascinated with Read-Only Domain Controllers (RODCs) since RODC was released as a new DC promotion option with Windows Server 2008. Microsoft customers wanted a DC that wasn’t really a DC. – something that could be deployed in a location that’s not physically secure and still be able to authenticate users. This post …

Continue reading

Beyond Domain Admins – Domain Controller & AD Administration

Active Directory has several levels of administration beyond the Domain Admins group. In a previous post, I explored: “Securing Domain Controllers to Improve Active Directory Security” which explores ways to better secure Domain Controllers and by extension, Active Directory. For more information on Active Directory specific rights and permission review my post “Scanning for Active …

Continue reading

PowerShell Security: PowerShell Attack Tools, Mitigation, & Detection

This post is a follow-up of sorts from my earlier posts on PowerShell, my PowerShell presentation at BSides Baltimore, and my presentation at DEF CON 24. Hopefully this post provides current information on PowerShell usage for both Blue and Red teams. Related posts: BSides Charm Presentation Posted: PowerShell Security: Defending the Enterprise from the Latest …

Continue reading

Sneaky Active Directory Persistence #17: Group Policy

The content in this post describes a method through which an attacker could persist administrative access to Active Directory after having Domain Admin level rights for about 5 minutes. Complete list of Sneaky Active Directory Persistence Tricks posts This post explores how an attacker could leverage the built-in Active Directory management capability called Group Policy …

Continue reading

Sneaky Active Directory Persistence #16: Computer Accounts & Domain Controller Silver Tickets

The content in this post describes a method by which an attacker could persist administrative access to Active Directory after having Domain Admin level rights for about 5 minutes. All posts in my Sneaky Active Directory Persistence Tricks series This post explores how an attacker could leverage computer account credentials to persist in an enterprise …

Continue reading