Tag: SQL

Dec 31

Cracking Kerberos TGS Tickets Using Kerberoast – Exploiting Kerberos to Compromise the Active Directory Domain

Microsoft’s Kerberos implementation in Active Directory has been targeted over the past couple of years by security researchers and attackers alike. The issues are primarily related to the legacy support in Kerberos when Active Directory was released in the year 2000 with Windows Server 2000. This legacy support is enabled when using Kerberos RC4 encryption …

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Apr 12

SPN Scanning – Service Discovery without Network Port Scanning

The best way to discover services in an Active Directory environment is through “SPN Scanning.” The primary benefit of SPN scanning for an attacker over network port scanning is that SPN scanning doesn’t require connections to every IP on the network to check service ports. SPN scanning performs service discovery via LDAP queries to a …

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Sep 15

Active Directory Pentest Recon Part 1: SPN Scanning aka Mining Kerberos Service Principal Names

I wrote a lengthy post on Kerberos earlier which describes the Kerberos protocol as well as how Active Directory leverages Kerberos. There are several interesting Active Directory components useful to the pentester. The one I cover here relates to how Kerberos works, specifically Service Principal Names. As I mentioned in my¬†Kerberos post, Service Principal Names …

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